Our phonic teaching aims to ensure all children are fluent readers by the time they reach the end of Year 2. We believe that consistency across the school, in our approach to teaching phonics, is key to its success. We use the Letters and Sounds programme to teach phonics. Once children reach phase 4 in year 1, we supplement our Letters and Sounds programme with School Improvement Liverpool’s phonics planning. (KS1 Phonics). Early Years Foundation Stage use Jolly Phonics as a multi-sensory tool to supplement our main phonics programme.
We use a range of games and activities to teach the application of phonics throughout each stage. Pupils are streamed across EYFS and Phase 1. Focused phonics intervention is provided for those who still require phonics in Year 3. Phonics is statutory and is taught daily through 20 minute discrete sessions to ensure children develop into confident readers and writers.
Progression of Phonics
Nursery: Children will be introduced to letters and sounds mainly through the environment which should be language rich – displays, squidgy letters, letter stamps, listening centre and more. Children will be assessed at Phase One.
Reception: Phase One will be consolidated before moving onto Phase Two. Children have a discrete daily 20 minute phonic lesson in streamed groups. They are also emerged in a phonics rich environment with opportunities for them to embed and apply their phonics through play. Children should be able to read and spell nearly all high frequency Phase Two words before moving onto Phase Three. They should be secure on phase 3 by the time they start year 1.
Year One: Phase Three will be consolidated before moving onto Phase Four. Children then move onto School Improvement Liverpool’s Year 1 phonics planning. Phonics is also embedded throughout whole class teaching, particularly in shared writing and reading. Children are expected to apply and use phonics in wider curriculum areas and segment to spell is taught as a main spelling strategy.
Year Two: Previous consolidation of phases should allow children to progress onto the next stage of their reading journey. The aim in this year group is for children to becoming fluent readers and accurate spellers. Children are again, expected to apply and use phonics in wider curriculum areas and segment to spell is taught as a main spelling strategy.
All Year one children are formally assessed in June by an unseen government Phonic Screening Check. The children are asked to decode forty words, twenty real words and twenty ‘alien words’. Results of this screening check are reported to parents. Any child who does not reach the expected standard in Year One will repeat the check in Year Two.
Year Three: Children identified as having not passed the Phonics Screening check in year two, will take part in focused phonics intervention.
Home Reading Books
All children are encouraged to read at home daily through individual year group reading incentives. We encourage reading for pleasure by ensuring that children’s home reading books are fully decodable, this means that they should be reading at 90% fluency at home. Our Phonics Bug Reading Scheme is fully decodable and supports our phonics programme. During quality first guided reading sessions, children read books at an instructional level. Their reading fluency and comprehension skills are developed and challenged here through a variety of texts which are banded at an appropriate level.
Phonics explained for Parents/Carers Phonics is a way of teaching children to read by linking sounds (phonemes) and the symbols that represent them (graphemes, or letter groups). Phonics is an early reading approach used by all schools in the UK.
A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound. The phonemes used when speaking English are:
Phonics Play is a website packed with interactive phonics games and many different resources to help your child use their phonics skills in reading.
Above is a link to daily phonics lessons on you-tube. There are three sets of daily lessons to choose from.
10am – Reception: Suitable for children who can blend and read words such as ‘fish’, ‘chat’ and ‘rain’
10:30am – Year 1: Suitable for children who can confidently blend and read words such as ‘stamp’, ‘chair’ and ‘green’
11am – Learning to Blend: blending practise for children in Reception and Year 1
We would like you to join in with the daily Letters and Sounds Phonics lessons on YouTube if you can. The lessons will be uploaded daily at 1030 am. We would like you to use the Year 1 lessons and the blending lessons if your child needs extra help putting sounds in words together.